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Assumption Cathedral
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MOSCOW
Russia
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095) 203-03-49


Assumption Cathedral directions
Four cathedral-museums occupy the most important place in the Kremlin Museum-Preserve. These are the Assumption Cathedral, the Annunciation Cathedral, the Archangel Cathedral and the Church of Laying our Lady's Holy Robe. All the temples have played a significant role in the history of the Russian State and are open to the public.

For six centuries the Assumption Cathedral had been the state and cultural center of Russia: Great Princes were set for reigning and local princes swore fealty, inaugurations of Tsars and coronations of Emperors took place here. Bishops, Metropolitans and Patriarchs were inaugurated, statements and ceremonial documents were publicly read, church services before military campaigns and in case of a victory were held at the Assumption Cathedral.

The first stone cathedral’s foundation was laid in 1326 by the first Moscow Metropolitan Peter and Prince Ivan Kalita (Money-bag). In late XV century, Great Prince Ivan III who had consolidated all Russian princedoms under the power of Moscow, began the construction of the new residence from rebuilding of the Assumption Cathedral. It was erected by a specially invited Italian architect in 1479.

Because of ceremonial functions, particular attention was paid to the cathedral’s interior. Its wall-paintings, icons and various secular utensils are artworks of international artistic value.

The muralsof 1642-1943 and the grand iconostasis of 1653 create the present-day look of the cathedral.

In XIV-XVII centuries, the Assumption Cathedral was the burial place of the Russian Orthodox Church heads - Metropolitans and Patriarchs.

After the Revolution of 1917, the Assumption Cathedral became a museum. Making the exposition, the staff tried to preserve the interior. Thanks to permanent restoration works practically all the icons and murals were open up. Since 1990, church services have been recommenced.



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Assumption Cathedral

Assumption Cathedral

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