A strategy for the development of the transport system until 2035 has been developed in Moscow. It is expected that the main construction of interchanges and highways will be completed by 2025. Most of the innovations in transportation will be aimed at environmental friendliness and reducing harm to ecology and human health.
The desire is to increase the share of electric cars to 15% (in 2020, their share was 0.14%) by building new charging stations and revising some provisions of tax law. The city will create environmental zones that prohibit access to cars with dirty exhaust fumes. Much attention will be paid to the development of public transport and increasing the length of bicycle lanes — these measures should encourage residents to choose public transport instead of private cars.
To improve road safety, the adoption of the experience of the Swedish Vision Zero program has been suggested. Its main principles are the separation of motorists, cyclists, and pedestrians on the roads, functional harmony (for example, access roads to stores or residential buildings not being designed for the continuous high-speed flow of cars), predictability and simplicity, and the desire for constraints: physical barriers serving as natural traffic controllers and making violations impossible.
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